Article: article from journal or magazin.
Botulinum toxin A in non-dystonic tremors.
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article - Publication Status: ppublish
The present pilot study evaluated the effect of botulinum toxin A on primarily non-dystonic tremors using accelerometry in a single-blind, placebo-controlled design. Resting, postural, intention, or head tremor were assessed before and approximately 1 month after intramuscular saline and botulinum toxin A (25-50 U) respectively. Half of the patients showed > or = 30% placebo effect. Tremor in 10 of 17 patients (60%) studied improved further after botulinum toxin A (range 30-95%), exceeding the placebo effect by > or = 30%. Nine patients demonstrated clinically significant focal weakness in the extensor muscles after botulinum toxin A which interfered with fine movements. Patients were subdivided into PD-like and ET-like tremor(s). Both groups experienced large placebo effects for resting tremor, with little or no further improvement after botulinum toxin A. The improvement in postural tremor after botulinum toxin A, of 40% in the PD-like and 57% in the ET-like groups, however, was approximately twice that of placebo. In conclusion, botulinum toxin A exerts a modest tremorlytic effect, however the dose, and its distribution over the sites injected, need to be optimised to minimise focal weakness.
Adult, Aged, Botulinum Toxins, Electromyography, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Placebos, Severity of Illness Index, Single-Blind Method, Treatment Outcome, Tremor
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