Article: article from journal or magazin.
Targeting burn prevention in the paediatric population : a prospective study of children's burns in the Lausanne area.
Swiss Medical Weekly
QUESTION UNDER STUDY: Domestic accidents are an important problem in paediatric medicine. This study was designed to gain a better understanding of burn mechanisms and target prevention. METHODS: Children treated for burn lesions in the Department of Paediatric Surgery between August 2004 and August 2005 were included in this prospective study. The burn mechanisms, the children's ages and the circumstances in which children were burned as well as their home environment variables were analyzed. RESULTS: The current study included eighty-nine patients, aged between 2 months and 15 years. Seventy-eight percent were less than 5 years old. More than half were boys. Hot liquid scalding was the most frequent mechanism. There does not seem to be an increased risk in the immigrant population or in low economic status families. In most cases, an adult person was present at time of injury. CONCLUSIONS: If we were to describe the highest "at risk" candidate for a burn in our region, it would be a boy aged 15 months to 5 years who is burned by a cup of hot liquid on his hand, at home, around mealtime, in the presence of one or both parents. Reduced attention in the safe domestic setting is probably responsible.
Accidents, Home/prevention & control, Accidents, Home/statistics & numerical data, Adolescent, Age Factors, Burns/diagnosis, Burns/epidemiology, Causality, Child, Child, Preschool, Emigrants and Immigrants, Female, Humans, Infant, Male, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index, Sex Factors, Social Class, Switzerland/epidemiology
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