Article: article from journal or magazin.
Differential distribution of stathmin and SCG10 in developing neurons in culture.
Journal of Neuroscience Research
The neuron-specific protein SCG10 and the ubiquitous protein stathmin are two members of a family of microtubule-destabilizing factors that may regulate microtubule dynamics in response to extracellular signals. To gain insight into the function of these proteins in the nervous system, we have compared their intracellular distribution in cortical neurons developing in culture. We have used double-immunofluorescence microscopy with specific antibodies for stathmin and SCG10 in combination with antibodies for axonal, microtubule, and synaptic marker proteins. Stathmin and SCG10 were coexpressed in individual neurons. While both proteins were highly expressed in developing cultures during differentiation, their subcellular localization was strikingly different. Stathmin showed a cytosolic distribution, mainly in cell bodies, whereas SCG10 strongly labeled the growth cones of axons and dendrites. During neurite outgrowth, SCG10 appeared as a single concentrated spot in a region of the growth cone where the microtubules are known to be particularly dynamic. Disassembly of labile microtubules by nocodazole caused a dispersal of the SCG10 staining into punctate structures, indicating that its subcellular localization is microtubule-dependent. Upon maturation and synapse formation, the levels of both stathmin and SCG10 decreased to become undetectable. These observations demonstrate that the expression of both proteins is associated with neurite outgrowth and suggest that they perform their roles in this process in distinct subcellular compartments.
Animals, Carrier Proteins, Cell Aging/physiology, Cells, Cultured, Cerebral Cortex/chemistry, Cerebral Cortex/cytology, Down-Regulation, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Membrane Proteins, Microtubule Proteins, Microtubules/chemistry, Nerve Growth Factors/analysis, Neurons/chemistry, Phosphoproteins/analysis, Rats, Stathmin, Synapses/metabolism
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