International Comparisons of Prison Statistics: Key Facts and Figures of the SPACE 2014

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Ressource 1Télécharger: Aebi et al_2016_International Comparisons of Prison Statistics SPACE 2014.pdf (12409.37 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: Final published version
Licence: Non spécifiée
ID Serval
serval:BIB_3208801FE9BB
Type
Partie de livre
Sous-type
Chapitre: chapitre ou section
Collection
Publications
Titre
International Comparisons of Prison Statistics: Key Facts and Figures of the SPACE 2014
Titre du livre
International Scientific Conference “Archibald Reiss Days” 2016
Auteur(s)
Aebi Marcelo, Burkhardt Christine, Chopin Julien, Tiago Mélanie M.
Editeur
Academy of Criminalistics and Police Studies
Lieu d'édition
Belgrade
ISBN
978-86-7020-356-3
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2016
Editeur scientifique
Kolarić Dragana
Pages
319-329
Langue
anglais
Résumé
This paper provides an overview of the extent of imprisonment in Europe in 2014. It also studies its evolution from 2005 to 2014 as well as the possible causes of the trends observed. Data are taken from the Council of Europe Annual Penal Statistics. The results showed that the average European prison population rate increased from 2005 to 2011, and started decreasing after that. That decrease is partially explained by the downward trend showed by the average rate of entries into penal institutions after 2009 and the stabilization of the length of imprisonment after 2011. It is also related to a change in the composition of European prison populations. In particular, the percentage of prisoners sentenced for theft has decreased, while the percentages of prisoners sentenced for violent offences and for drug offences have increased. Furthermore, the decreases in the stock and the flow of entries of prisoners led to a decline of the average European prison density and, consequently, of overcrowding. The results are discussed in the light of recent research on the relationship between crime trends and imprisonment trends, as well as on the influence of community sanctions and measures on the latter.
Mots-clé
criminology, penology, imprisonment, trends in prison populations, Europe
Création de la notice
04/02/2017 13:30
Dernière modification de la notice
08/03/2019 8:08
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