The tobacco industry's past role in weight control related to smoking.

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Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_31F077DA0834.P001.pdf (88.52 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_31F077DA0834
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
The tobacco industry's past role in weight control related to smoking.
Périodique
European Journal of Public Health
Auteur(s)
Gonseth S., Jacot-Sadowski I., Diethelm P.A., Barras V., Cornuz J.
ISSN
1464-360X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1101-1262
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2012
Volume
22
Numéro
2
Pages
234-7
Langue
anglais
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Smoking is thought to produce an appetite-suppressing effect by many smokers. Thus, the fear of body weight gain often outweighs the perception of health benefits associated with smoking cessation, particularly in adolescents. We examined whether the tobacco industry played a role in appetite and body weight control related to smoking and smoking cessation.
METHODS: We performed a systematic search within the archives of six major US and UK tobacco companies (American Tobacco, Philip Morris, RJ Reynolds, Lorillard, Brown & Williamson and British American Tobacco) that were Defendants in tobacco litigation settled in 1998. Findings are dated from 1949 to 1999.
RESULTS: The documents revealed the strategies planned and used by the industry to enhance effects of smoking on weight and appetite, mostly by chemical modifications of cigarettes contents. Appetite-suppressant molecules, such as tartaric acid and 2-acetylpyridine were added to some cigarettes.
CONCLUSION: These tobacco companies played an active and not disclaimed role in the anti-appetite effects of smoking, at least in the past, by adding appetite-suppressant molecules into their cigarettes.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
04/09/2011 15:01
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:17
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