Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Role of oxidative stress in plasticity of Dendritic cells
Title of the conference
3rd ERS (European Respiratory Society) Lung Science Conference, Evidence-based medicine for respiratory disease with special emphasis on inflammatory processes
Taormina, Sicily, Italy, March 18-20, 2005
Dendritic cells (DCs) are antigen presenting cells with an unique ability to induce primary immune responses. Different DCs subsets with an intrinsic capacity to polarise Tcells have been described: myeloid (Th1) and lymphoid (Th2). Plasticity is defined as DCs capacity to polarise T cells independent of the DCs origin. We investigated the potential role played by oxidants such as superoxide anion (·O2-), in the plasticity of DCs, measured by the induction of a specific DCs subset, cytokine release and antigen presentation. Furthermore, we are interested in the amplification of immune response analysed by the exosomes production after oxidative stress and LPS stimulation. Recently, we have demonstrated that exposure of cells to superoxide anions resulted in the activation of DC2 profile. To analyse the role of oxidative stress in DCs subsets, we used BDCA-1 and BDCA-2 antibodies, which identify myeloid and plasmacytoid DCs respectively. Freshly isolated monocytes have shown to be BDCA-1-, but BDCA-2+ populations. During 6 days culture up-regulation of BDCA-1, but a down-regulation of BDCA-2 were observed, giving a clear myeloid population. When DC were stimulated with superoxide anions or LPS, we have observed that both down regulate the expression of BDCA-1 when compared to immature DC. Antigen presentation was markedly altered according to the periodicity used, and antigens and oxidants exposures. Using DCs trapped in collagen "matrix" after LPS activation we were able to quantify DCs-exosomes (small membrane vesicles ~50-100 nm in diameter) by reconstruction pictures in three dimensions. Using double vital staining we have found that exosomes from activated DCs can fuse with the membrane of resting DCs. Understanding the capacity of DCs to integrate external signals we will be able to unravel and control Tcells-polarisation triggering a specific immune response or tolerance. We will be able also to understand the amplification role of DCs-exosomes in remote not yet activated DCs.
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