Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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REDUCTION OF MIGRAINES AFTER TREATMENT OF HEREDITARYHEMORRHAGIC TELANGIECTASIA (HHT)
Title of the conference
17th European Stroke Conference
Nice, France May 26-29, 2008
Background: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) due to hereditaryhemorrhagic telangiectases (HHT) is associated with paradoxical strokes, brainabcesses, and increased prevalence of migraines. We report a patient in whom wefound a relationship between PAMVs and a reduction in frequency of migrainewith aura after the treatment of the first pulmonary malformation.Patient and methods: A 67-year-old woman developed migraine with visual auraand major epistaxis during childhood. A PAVM is discovered and surgically removedin 1969. Migraines nearly disappeared during several years, after which theystarted to reappear progressively. A HHT syndrome is diagnosed based on recurrentepistaxis, the development of cutaneous telangiectases and a positive family history.She suffered a left subcortical stroke in 2008. Perfusion CT, chest radiography,thoracic CT-angiography, contrast echocardiography, contrast transcranial Dopplerand cerebral MRI were performed.Results: Perfusion CT showed previous asymptomatic strokes in cerebellum andbasal ganglia. 4 PAMVs were confirmed on the chest x-ray whose structural conformationis identified on thoracic CT. Contrast echocardiography and transcranialDoppler showed a massive right to left shunt. It is planned to embolize the 4PAVMs, and migraine frequency will now be prospectively assessed.Conclusion: This patient with a pulmonary arteriovenous malformation showeda reduced migraine frequency after resection of her lung lesion. This suggests acausal relationship between a right to left shunt and migraine, as discussed inpatients with patent foramen ovale.
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