Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Real-time antifungal susceptibility testing of Mucor spp., Fusarium spp. and Scedosporium spp. by isothermal microcalorimetry
Title of the conference
5th Congress on Trends in Medical Mycology
Valencia, Spain, October 2-5, 2011
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Objective: Aspergillus species are the main pathogens causing invasive fungal infections but the prevalence of other mould species is rising. Resistance to antifungals among these new emerging pathogens presents a challenge for managing of infections. Conventional susceptibility testing of non-Aspergillus species is laborious and often difficult to interpret. We evaluated a new method for real-time susceptibility testing of moulds based on their of growth-related heat production.Methods: Laboratory and clinical strains of Mucor spp. (n = 4), Scedoporium spp. (n = 4) and Fusarium spp. (n = 5) were used. Conventional MIC was determined by microbroth dilution. Isothermal microcalorimetry was performed at 37 C using Sabouraud dextrose broth (SDB) inoculated with 104 spores/ml (determined by microscopical enumeration). SDB without antifungals was used for evaluation of growth characteristics. Detection time was defined as heat flow exceeding 10 lW. For susceptibility testing serial dilutions of amphotericin B, voriconazole, posaconazole and caspofungin were used. The minimal heat inhibitory concentration (MHIC) was defined as the lowest antifungal concentration, inhbiting 50% of the heat produced by the growth control at 48 h or at 24 h for Mucor spp. Susceptibility tests were performed in duplicate.Results: Tested mould genera had distinctive heat flow profiles with a median detection time (range) of 3.4 h (1.9-4.1 h) for Mucor spp, 11.0 h (7.1-13.7 h) for Fusarium spp and 29.3 h (27.4-33.0 h) for Scedosporium spp. Graph shows heat flow (in duplicate) of one representative strain from each genus (dashed line marks detection limit). Species belonging to the same genus showed similar heat production profiles. Table shows MHIC and MIC ranges for tested moulds and antifungals.Conclusions: Microcalorimetry allowed rapid detection of growth of slow-growing species, such as Fusarium spp. and Scedosporium spp. Moreover, microcalorimetry offers a new approach for antifungal susceptibility testing of moulds, correlating with conventional MIC values. Interpretation of calorimetric susceptibility data is easy and real-time data on the effect of different antifungals on the growth of the moulds is additionally obtained. This method may be used for investigation of different mechanisms of action of antifungals, new substances and drug-drug combinations.
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