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Pulmonary involvement in Fabry disease
Title of the book
Fabry Disease: Perspectives from 5 Years of FOS
Address of publication
Mehta A., Beck M., Sunder-Plassmann G.
Pulmonary involvement in Fabry disease has received less attention than the effects of the disease on the kidneys, nervous system or heart. However, data from FOS -the Fabry Outcome Survey - are now helping to elucidate the pulmonary manifestations of Fabry disease. Twenty-three patients out of a cohort of 67 analysed in FOS have been identified with airway obstruction, as defined by a ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity of less than 0.7. This prevalence is much greater than would be expected in the general population, with the main risk factors appearing to be increasing age and male gender. Spirometric analysis has revealed that the airway obstruction is clinically much more similar to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than to asthma. Although little is known about the anatomical changes responsible for airway obstruction in patients with Fabry disease, airway wall hyperplasia and/or fibrosis are potential causes. Treatment of patients with moderate or severe airway obstruction should include inhaled bronchodilators, and individuals who smoke should be encouraged to stop. Further studies and future analyses of FOS data should determine whether enzyme replacement therapy is able to help or prevent the pulmonary manifestations of Fabry disease.
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