Variation in Major Histocompatibility Complex diversity in invasive cane toad populations

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_2EA1E00F7C9C
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Variation in Major Histocompatibility Complex diversity in invasive cane toad populations
Périodique
Wildlife Research
Auteur(s)
Lillie M., Dubey S., Shine R., Belov K.
ISSN
1035-3712
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
44
Numéro
7
Pages
565
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Context. The cane toad (Rhinella marina), a native species of central and southern America, was introduced to Australia in 1935 as a biocontrol agent after a complex history of prior introductions. The population rapidly expanded and has since spread through much of the Australian landmass, with severe impacts on the endemic wildlife, primarily via toxicity to predators. The invasion process has taken its toll on the cane toad, with changes in the immunological capacity across the Australian invasive population.
Aims. To investigate the immunogenetic underpinnings of these changes, we studied the diversity of the Major Histocompatiblity Complex (MHC) genes in introduced cane toad populations.
Methods. We studied the diversity of two MHC genes (the classical class I UA locus and a class II DAB locus) and compared these with neutral microsatellite markers in toads from the Australian site of introduction and the Australian invasion front. We also included toads from Hawai'i, the original source of the Australian toads, to infer founder effect.
Key results. Diversity across all markers was low across Australian and Hawai'ian samples, consistent with a reduction in genetic diversity through multiple founder effects during the course of the successive translocations. In Australia, allelic diversity at the microsatellite markers and the UA locus was reduced at the invasion front, whereas all three alleles at the DAB locus were maintained in the invasion-front toads.
Conclusions. Loss of allelic diversity observed at the microsatellite markers and the UA locus could be the result of drift and bottlenecking along the invasion process, however, the persistence of DAB diversity warrants further investigation to disentangle the evolutionary forces influencing this locus.
Implications. Through the use of different molecular markers, we provide a preliminary description of the adaptive genetic processes occurring in this invasive population. The extremely limited MHC diversity may represent low immunogenetic competence across the Australian population, which could be exploited for invasive species management.
Mots-clé
Bufo marinus, genetic drift, MHC, microsatellite markers, range expansion
Web of science
Création de la notice
08/01/2018 9:04
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:13
Données d'usage