Article: article from journal or magazin.
Mutation screening of SEMA3A and SEMA7A in patients with congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism.
Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
Background:Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH), a rare disorder characterized by absent, partial, or delayed puberty, can be caused by the lack or deficient number of hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons. SEMA3A was recently implicated in the etiology of the disorder, and Sema7A-deficient mice have a reduced number of GnRH neurons in their brains.Methods:SEMA3A and SEMA7A were screened by Sanger sequencing in altogether 50 Finnish HH patients (34 with Kallmann syndrome (KS; HH with hyposmia/anosmia) and 16 with normosmic HH (nHH)). In 20 patients, mutation(s) had already been found in genes known to be implicated in congenital HH.Results:Three heterozygous variants (c.458A>G (p.Asn153Ser), c.1253A>G (p.Asn418Ser), and c.1303G>A (p.Val435Ile)) were found in SEMA3A in three KS patients, two of which also had a mutation in FGFR1. Two rare heterozygous variants (c.442C>T (p.Arg148Trp) and c.1421G>A (p.Arg474Gln)) in SEMA7A were found in one male nHH patient with a previously identified KISS1R nonsense variant and one male KS patient with a previously identified mutation in KAL1, respectively.Conclusion:Our results suggest that heterozygous missense variants in SEMA3A and SEMA7A may modify the phenotype of KS but most likely are not alone sufficient to cause the disorder.
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