Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Evaluation of high frequency jet ventilation in patients undergoing percutaneous thermal ablation
Title of the conference
SIR 2012, 37th Annual Meeting of the Society of Interventional Radiology
San Francisco, California, United-States, March 24-29, 2012
Purpose: To evaluate the use of high frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) in patients undergoing percutanous thermal ablation procedures.Materials: From may to september 2011 patients with lung, liver or kidney tumors suitable for percutanous thermal ablation were prospectively enrolled to be treated under general anesthesia using HFJV instead of conventional positive pressure ventilation (PPV). Our primary endpoint was feasability of HFJV during percutanous ablation, our secondary endpoints were assessment of breathing related movements by image fusion (CT/US), precision and ease of needle placement by number of CT aquisition/needle reposition and procedure related complications.Results: Twenty-nine patients (21 males, 8 females mean age 66.2 years) with 30 liver tumors, 1 kidney tumors and 6 lung tumors were included. Tumor ablation was performed by radiofrequency (RFA) in 26 cases, microwaves ( MWA) in 2 and cryoablation (CRA) in 1. The ablation procedure could be completed under HFJV in 22 patients. In 2 patients HFVJ had to be stopped in favor of PPV because the tumor was better seen under PPV. HFJV was not performed in 5. Breathing related movements of the target lesion in the cranio-caudal direction as estimated by image fusion were always inferior to 5mm compared to 20mm when patients are under PPV. Needle placement was straightforward under CT as well as US. No patient needed needle repositionning before ablation. We did not observe any HFJV related complications.Conclusions: HFJV significantly reduces breathing movements of target lesion during percutaneous ablation procedures. It does not seem to cause any particular complication. However in some cases such as tumors located at the base of the lungs or in the dome of the liver, the target may be best seen under PPV.
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