Article: article from journal or magazin.
Mutation screening of the peropsin gene, a retinal pigment epithelium specific rhodopsin homolog, in patients with retinitis pigmentosa and allied diseases
Journal Article Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
PURPOSE: To investigate the peropsin gene (RRH), encoding a retinal pigment epithelium homolog of the rod-expressed opsin (rhodopsin), for the presence of pathogenic mutations causing retinitis pigmentosa (RP) or other retinal degenerations. METHODS: All seven exons composing the RRH open reading frame and the immediate intron sequences were analyzed by direct nucleotide sequencing of 613 patients with forms of retinal degeneration. RESULTS: One patient with retinitis punctata albescens was a heterozygote with the missense change Cys98Tyr (TGT>TAT, c.293G>A). This change affects the homologous residue that is the target of the rhodopsin mutation Cys110Tyr, a reported cause of dominant RP. Unfortunately, none of the patient's relatives were available for a segregation analysis to determine if this change is unambiguously associated with disease. No definite pathogenic mutation was found in any of the other 612 patients who were evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: The Cys98Tyr is a possible cause of retinitis punctata albescens, although this conclusion is tentative because the change was found in only one patient. Our results indicate that the peropsin gene is not a common cause of RP or some related retinal degenerations, at least in the set of patients we analyzed.
Cysteine *DNA Mutational Analysis Heterozygote Humans Mutation, Missense Retinal Degeneration/*genetics Retinitis Pigmentosa/*genetics Rhodopsin/*genetics Tyrosine
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