Effects of added dead space on sleep disordered breathing at high altitude

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_2BCADDC528E9
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Effects of added dead space on sleep disordered breathing at high altitude
Titre de la conférence
Joint annual meeting of the Swiss Society of Pneumology, Swiss Society of Pediatric Pneumology, Swiss Society for Thoracic Surgery
Auteur(s)
Lovis A., De Riedmatten M., Greiner D., Delaloye A., Sartori C., Scherrer U., Heinzer R.
Adresse
Lausanne, Switzerland, April 28-30, 2010
ISBN
1424-7860
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2010
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
140
Série
Swiss Medical Weekly
Pages
3
Langue
anglais
Notes
Meeting Abstract
Résumé
Introduction: Sleep disordered breathing with central apnea or hypopnea frequently occurs during sleep at high altitude. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of added dead space (DS) on sleep disordered breathing and transcutaneous CO2 (PtcCO2) level during sleep at high altitude.
Methods: Full night sleep recordings were obtained on 12 unacclimatized mountaineers (11 males, 1 female, mean age 39 ± 12 y.o.) during one of the first 4 nights after arrival in Leh, Ladakh (3500 m). In random order, half of the night was spent with a 500 ml increase in dead space through a custom designed full face mask and the other half without it. PtcCO2 was measured in 3 participants.
Results: Baseline recordings reveled two clearly distinct groups: one with severe sleep disordered breathing (n = 5) and the other with mild or no disordered breathing (n = 7). Added dead space markedly improved breathing in the first group (baseline vs DS): apnea hypopnea index (AHI) 70.3 ± 25.8 vs 29.4 ± 6.9 (p = 0.013), oxygen desaturation index (ODI): 72.9 ± 24.1/h vs 42.5 ± 14.4 (p = 0.031), whereas it had no significant effect in the second group. Added dead space did not have a significant effect on mean oxygen saturation level. Respiratory events were almost exclusively central apnea or hypopnea except for one subject. Only a minor increase in mean PtcCO2 (n = 3) was observed: 33.6 ± 1.8 mm Hg at baseline and 35.0 ± 2.62 mm Hg with DS. Sleep quality was preserved under dead space condition, since the microarousal rate remained unchanged (16.8 ± 8.7/h vs 19.4 ± 18.6/h (p = 0.51).
Conclusion: In mountaineers with severe sleep disordered breathing at high altitude, a 500 ml increase in dead space through a fitted mask significantly improves nocturnal breathing.
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Création de la notice
06/05/2010 13:49
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:11
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