PhD thesis: a PhD thesis.
Evaluation of the early changes occurring in the draining lymph node upon subcutaneous stimulation
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Faculté de biologie et de médecineUniversité de LausanneUNIL - BugnonRue du Bugnon 21 - bureau 4111CH-1015 LausanneSUISSE
Number of pages
Adjuvants have been shown since many years to have an important role in enhancing the immune responses against the co-administered antigens used as vaccines. The continuous study of the mechanism of action of adjuvants is necessary to develop further safe and efficacious vaccines. Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) is currently in use as adjuvant to induce some autoimmune diseases in murine models, therefore the study of the mechanisms involved in the generation of the related immune responses could be instrumental for the understanding of the induction of inflammatory Thl7 responses. In the present work, we showed in C57B1/6 mice that CFA peripheral administration induces very early, at 6 h, a potent influx of CDllb+ cells, mainly neutrophils (CD11b+Ly6GhighLy6Cint) and monocytes (CD11b+Ly6GlowLy6Chigh), in the draining lymph node. By investigating the route by which neutrophils reach the lymph node we observed that, around 20% of them arrive from the afferent lymph and the majority stains positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We also observed a correlation between the influx of neutrophils and an increase in IL-23 and IL-Ιβ, together with several inflammatory chemokines, in the draining lymph node. Concomitantly, we detected the expression of the IL-23 receptor on CDllc+ DCs. Moreover, we confirmed the ability of murine neutrophils to express IL-23 both, in vitro by stimulating bone-marrow extracted PMNs with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and on total cells from draining lymph node by immunohistochemistry. We also observed by in vivo priming a reduction in the percentage of IFN-γ and CXCR3 expressing Τ cells upon depletion of neutrophils. Altogether, we show that upon stimulation from the periphery, the draining lymph node undergo changes in cytokine/chemokine production leading to the recruitment of different leukocytes subpopulations. Here we show that CFA induces a rapid influx of neutrophils which are responsible for the production of IL-23 that in turn influences the generation of Τ helper cells.
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