Detection of cognitive impairment with the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in adolescents with psychotic symptomatology.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_2B88E8BD2B16
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Detection of cognitive impairment with the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in adolescents with psychotic symptomatology.
Périodique
Schizophrenia research
Auteur(s)
Holzer L., Chinet L., Jaugey L., Plancherel B., Sofia C., Halfon O., Randolph C.
ISSN
0920-9964
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2007
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
95
Numéro
1-3
Pages
48-53
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article - Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Cognitive impairment has been identified in the early phase of schizophrenia spectrum disorders, and is a major contributor to disease-related disability. While screening tools assessing cognitive impairment have been validated for adult schizophrenic populations, there is a need for brief, easily administered, standardized instruments that provide clinically relevant information for adolescents. This study examines the utility of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) in identifying and quantifying neurocognitive impairment in adolescents with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and other serious psychiatric illnesses. 112 adolescents, including 32 healthy subjects and 80 patients, were administered the RBANS. Patients with psychotic disorders demonstrated significant impairment on the RBANS total score compared to patients with other disorders and healthy controls, but this impairment appeared somewhat less severe than is typically reported for in adult patients with schizophrenia on this measure. The RBANS appears to be sensitive in the detection of neurocognitive impairment in a psychiatric population of adolescents with psychotic symptomatology, and may therefore have utility as a clinical screening instrument and/or neurocognitive outcome measure in this population.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Adolescent Psychology, Age Factors, Cognition Disorders, Female, Humans, Male, Mass Screening, Neuropsychological Tests, Psychometrics, Psychotic Disorders, Reproducibility of Results, Schizophrenia, Schizophrenic Psychology, Sensitivity and Specificity, Severity of Illness Index
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
10/03/2008 12:23
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 15:25
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