Article: article from journal or magazin.
The novel hydroxylamine derivative NG-094 suppresses polyglutamine protein toxicity in Caenorhabditis elegans.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Aggregation-prone polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion proteins cause several neurodegenerative disorders, including Huntington disease. The pharmacological activation of cellular stress responses could be a new strategy to combat protein conformational diseases. Hydroxylamine derivatives act as co-inducers of heat-shock proteins (HSPs) and can enhance HSP expression in diseased cells, without significant adverse effects. Here, we used Caenorhabditis elegans expressing polyQ expansions with 35 glutamines fused to the yellow fluorescent protein (Q35-YFP) in body wall muscle cells as a model system to investigate the effects of treatment with a novel hydroxylamine derivative, NG-094, on the progression of polyQ diseases. NG-094 significantly ameliorated polyQ-mediated animal paralysis, reduced the number of Q35-YFP aggregates and delayed polyQ-dependent acceleration of aging. Micromolar concentrations of NG-094 in animal tissues with only marginal effects on the nematode fitness sufficed to confer protection against polyQ proteotoxicity, even when the drug was administered after disease onset. NG-094 did not reduce insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1-like signaling, but conferred cytoprotection by a mechanism involving the heat-shock transcription factor HSF-1 that potentiated the expression of stress-inducible HSPs. NG-094 is thus a promising candidate for tests on mammalian models of polyQ and other protein conformational diseases.
Aging/drug effects, Aging/metabolism, Animals, Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolism, Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins/genetics, Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins/metabolism, Drug Evaluation, Preclinical, Humans, Hydroxylamines/chemistry, Hydroxylamines/pharmacology, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/genetics, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/metabolism, Muscle Proteins/metabolism, Neurodegenerative Diseases/drug therapy, Neurodegenerative Diseases/genetics, Peptides/genetics, Peptides/metabolism, Transcription Factors/genetics, Transcription Factors/metabolism
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