Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Photopsies: symptome souvent méconnu et apport de l'électrorétinographie [Photopsia: an often unrecognized symptom and sensitivity of electroretinography]
Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde
Publication types: Case Reports ; English Abstract ; Journal Article - Publication Status: ppublish
BACKGROUND: Photopsias are unformed luminous spontaneous visual hallucinations, often described as flickering or wiggling lights, sometimes like a glare. Phosphenes are more intense and of shorter duration whereas migraine fortifications have a specific time course and succession of events. Recognition of this symptom is often poor, hence patients are wrongly investigated. PURPOSE: To describe the clinical presentation and electroretinographic characteristics of patients with photopsias. METHODS: 4 patients were worked-up with clinical, psychophysical, angiographic and electroretinographic examinations. RESULTS: Despite normal fundus and angiographic examinations, full-field electroretinogram was diagnostic in all cases. Retinal dysfunction involved either inner or outer retina. Paraneoplastic, and probable autoimmune/inflammatory retinopathies were found in our cases. CONCLUSION: Photopsias are often secondary to sick retinal cells. In the presence of photopsias, investigations should be directed towards the retina and electroretinography is the gold standard. Recognition of the symptom should prevent useless and potentially harmful investigations for the patient.
Diagnosis, Differential, Electroretinography, Female, Hallucinations, Humans, Light, Middle Aged, Perceptual Disorders, Phosphenes, Retina, Retinal Diseases, Visual Acuity, Visual Fields
Web of science
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