Article: article from journal or magazin.
Long-term evaluation of usefulness of skin and incremental challenge tests in patients with history of adverse reaction to local anesthetics
Journal Article --- Old month value: Feb
A variety of adverse reactions to local anesthetics has been described, some of which are thought to be allergic. Different protocols of prick and intradermal skin tests as well as subcutaneous challenge tests are used to select a local anesthetic which can safely be used. Their long-term effectiveness has not yet been assessed. Twenty-eight patients with a history of adverse reaction to local anesthetics were evaluated over a 3-year period. Loss of consciousness occurred in eight patients, skin reaction in nine, and vagal symptoms in eight. Various reactions were recorded in the remaining three patients. Rapid spontaneous recovery was the rule, suggesting that immediate allergic reaction and, in particular, anaphylactic reaction were unlikely. Investigation allowed the selection of a tolerated anesthetic in all cases. Reexposure occurred in 19 patients 16-50 months after evaluation and 6.8 +/- 5.5 years after the first reaction. No patient presented a second reaction. In conclusion, adverse reactions to local anesthetics seem to be, in most cases, not allergic in nature. Evaluation protocols are effective in selecting an agent susceptible to tolerance, but are time consuming. However, they probably contribute to an important reassurance effect that is likely to increase tolerance to subsequent local anesthetic administration. Simplification of the protocols and better patient selection are proposed.
Adult Aged Anesthetics, Local/*adverse effects Child Drug Hypersensitivity/*diagnosis/etiology Female Humans Intradermal Tests Male Middle Aged *Skin Tests Time Factors
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