Article: article from journal or magazin.
Mechanisms of the pressor response to intravenous thyrotropin-releasing hormone in the rat.
Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology
Publication types: In Vitro ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
1. The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of the sympatho-adrenomedullary system to the blood pressure response to an intravenous bolus of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in conscious medullectomized and sham-operated rats. 2. The peak pressor effect of 0.5 mg TRH was significantly increased in rats having no adrenal medulla (+24.2 +/- 1.6 mmHg, mean +/- s.e.m., P < 0.01) as compared to sham-operated animals (+12.2 +/- 3.0 mmHg). 3. Blockade of alpha-adrenergic receptors with phentolamine abolished the pressor effect of TRH in control rats (+2.1 +/- 1.9 mmHg) but did not attenuate the blood pressure response of medullectomized rats (+21.5 +/- 4.7 mmHg). In contrast, beta-blockade with propranolol blunted the blood pressure responsiveness of rats subjected to adrenal medullectomy (+12.4 +/- 2.6 mmHg) but did not modify the effect of TRH in sham-operated controls (+10.9 +/- 2.9 mmHg). 4. The direct in vitro effect of TRH on isolated mesenteric rat arteries was also evaluated. TRH did not induce contractions of isolated arteries. 5. These results suggest that in rats with intact adrenals, the pressor effect of intravenous TRH is mediated primarily by a stimulation of alpha-adrenergic receptors. Adrenal medullectomy appears to enhance the blood pressure response to intravenous TRH. Activation of cardiac beta-adrenoceptors seems to contribute to the blood pressure increasing effect of intravenous TRH in medullectomized animals.
Acetylcholine, Adrenal Medulla, Animals, Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, Injections, Intravenous, Male, Mesenteric Arteries, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Norepinephrine, Phentolamine, Propranolol, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Sympathetic Nervous System, Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone, Vasoconstriction
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