Allergic airway inflammation is exacerbated during acute influenza infection and correlates with increased allergen presentation and recruitment of allergen-specific T-helper type 2 cells.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_2A75B48D36D0
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Allergic airway inflammation is exacerbated during acute influenza infection and correlates with increased allergen presentation and recruitment of allergen-specific T-helper type 2 cells.
Périodique
Clinical and Experimental Allergy
Auteur(s)
Marsland B.J., Scanga C.B., Kopf M., Le Gros G.
ISSN
0954-7894
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2004
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
34
Numéro
8
Pages
1299-1306
Langue
anglais
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Respiratory viral infections are a leading cause of the hospitalization of asthmatics, however, the cellular immunological interactions which underlie these two diseases remain elusive. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize the effect influenza viral infection has on allergic airway inflammation and to identify the cellular pathways involved. METHODS: We have used an ovalbumin (OVA) model of allergic airway inflammation, which involves sensitization of animals with OVA adsorbed in alum adjuvant followed by an intranasal challenge with OVA in phosphate-buffered saline. To study T cell recruitment into the lung, we adoptively transferred in vitro activated T cell receptor-transgenic T cells, which were subsequently identified by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis. In addition, to study in vivo dendritic cell (DC) migration, we administered fluorescently labelled dextran and identified DCs that had phagocytosed it by FACS analysis. RESULTS: We found that different stages of influenza infection had contrasting effects upon the outcome of OVA-induced allergic airway inflammation. The allergic response against OVA was exacerbated during the acute stage of influenza infection; however, mice were protected against the development of airway eosinophilia at late time-points following infection. We investigated the mechanisms responsible for the virus-induced exacerbation and found that the response was partially independent of IL-4 and that there was increased delivery of inhaled allergens to the draining lymph node during the acute stage of the infection. In addition, virus-induced inflammation in the lung and draining lymph node resulted in the non-specific recruitment of circulating allergen-specific effector/memory cells. CONCLUSION: In addition to virus-mediated damage to the lung and airways, influenza viral infection can also enhance unrelated local allergic responses.
Mots-clé
Acute Disease, Allergens/immunology, Animals, Asthma/immunology, Asthma/virology, Bronchi/immunology, Flow Cytometry, Immunologic Memory, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Transgenic, Models, Animal, Orthomyxoviridae Infections/immunology, Ovalbumin, Plethysmography, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/genetics, Th2 Cells/immunology
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
18/01/2010 17:08
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 15:23
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