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The role of APRIL and BAFF in lymphocyte activation.
Current Opinion in Immunology
The TNF family ligands BAFF (also called BLyS) and APRIL regulate lymphocyte survival and activation. BAFF binds to three receptors, BAFF-R, TACI and BCMA, whereas APRIL interacts with TACI, BCMA and proteoglycans. The contribution of BAFF and APRIL to B-cell and plasma-cell survival, CD154 (CD40L)-independent antibody isotype switching, germinal center maintenance, T-dependent and T-independent antibody responses, and T cell co-stimulation are relatively well understood. Constitutive BAFF produced by stromal cells determines the size of the peripheral B cell pool, whereas inducible BAFF produced by myeloid and other cells supports local survival of B lymphocytes and can be associated with development of autoimmunity when deregulated.
Animals, B-Cell Activating Factor, B-Lymphocytes/immunology, Humans, Lymphocyte Activation/immunology, Membrane Proteins/metabolism, Mice, Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, T-Lymphocytes/immunology, Tumor Necrosis Factor Ligand Superfamily Member 13, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
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