Toxicity assessment of refill liquids for electronic cigarettes.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: pmid25941845.pdf (713.64 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_2A285F4199BF
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Toxicity assessment of refill liquids for electronic cigarettes.
Périodique
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Auteur(s)
Varlet V., Farsalinos K., Augsburger M., Thomas A., Etter J.F.
ISSN
1660-4601 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1660-4601
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
12
Numéro
5
Pages
4796-4815
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
We analyzed 42 models from 14 brands of refill liquids for e-cigarettes for the presence of micro-organisms, diethylene glycol, ethylene glycol, hydrocarbons, ethanol, aldehydes, tobacco-specific nitrosamines, and solvents. All the liquids under scrutiny complied with norms for the absence of yeast, mold, aerobic microbes, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Diethylene glycol, ethylene glycol and ethanol were detected, but remained within limits authorized for food and pharmaceutical products. Terpenic compounds and aldehydes were found in the products, in particular formaldehyde and acrolein. No sample contained nitrosamines at levels above the limit of detection (1 μg/g). Residual solvents such as 1,3-butadiene, cyclohexane and acetone, to name a few, were found in some products. None of the products under scrutiny were totally exempt of potentially toxic compounds. However, for products other than nicotine, the oral acute toxicity of the e-liquids tested seems to be of minor concern. However, a minority of liquids, especially those with flavorings, showed particularly high ranges of chemicals, causing concerns about their potential toxicity in case of chronic oral exposure.
Mots-clé
Air Microbiology, Air Pollutants/analysis, Electronic Cigarettes, Organic Chemicals/analysis, Solvents/analysis
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
06/05/2015 14:44
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 14:09
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