Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Electro-cortical modulations and fronto-parietal activity during motor transitions in the elderly
Title of the conference
XI International Conference on Cognitive Neuroscience, ICON. Palma, Spain
With aging, bimanual movements are performed with increased cerebral activity in frontal and parietal areas. In contrast, motor switching is poorly documented and is expected to engage increasing resources in the elderly. In this study, spontaneous electroencephalographic activity (EEG) was recorded while 39 young participants (YP) and 37 elderly (EP) performed motor transitions from unimanual tapping to symmetric bimanual tapping (= Activation), and opposite (= Inhibition). We measured the delay of switching using the mean and standard deviation of transition time (meanTT and sdTT). Task-related power (TRPow) in alpha frequency band (8-12Hz) was used to measure electro-cortical changes, negative values corresponding to increased cerebral activity. A balance index (BI) was computed between frontal and parietal regions, values non-significantly different from "zero" representing a comparable level of cerebral activity in these regions. The results reveal higher sdTT 1) in EP compared to YP in both transitions, 2) in Activation compared to Inhibition in both groups. TRPow tends to reach greater negative values (p=0.052) in EP compared to YP in both tapping modes and both motor transitions. Furthermore, the results show more negative TRPow 1) in both motor transitions compared to the tapping movements and 2) in frontal region for YP compared to EP during Inhibition only. BI values differ significantly from "zero" for YP in Inhibition only. In conclusion, motor transitions are more variable and tend to be resource-consuming in the elderly. Moreover, the cerebral activity spreading in EP characterized by similar level of activity between frontal and parietal regions suggest reduced capacity to recruit specialized neural mechanisms during motor inhibition.
Electroencephalography, Aging, Switching
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