Article: article from journal or magazin.
Risk factors for positive resection margins of breast cancer tumorectomy specimen following breast-conserving surgery.
Hormone molecular biology and clinical investigation
Publication Status: epublish
Background The aim of the study was to identify risk factors for positive surgical margins in breast-conserving surgery for breast cancer and to evaluate the influence of surgical experience in obtaining complete resection. Methods All lumpectomies for invasive breast carcinoma and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) between April 2008 and March 2010 were selected from the database of a single institution. Re-excision rates for positive margins as well as patient and histopathologic tumor characteristics were analyzed. Surgical experience was staged by pairs made of Resident plus Specialist or Consultant. Two periods were defined. During period A, the majority of operations were performed by Residents under supervision of Specialist or Consultant. During period B, only palpable tumors were operated by Residents. Results The global re-excision rate was 27% (50 of 183 patients). The presence of DCIS increased the risk for positive margins: 60% (nine of 15 patients) in the case of sole DCIS compared to 26% (41 of 160 patients) for invasive cancer (p = 0.005) and 35% (42 of 120 patients) in the case of peritumoral DCIS compared to 11% (seven of 62 patients) in the case of sole invasive cancer (p = 0.001). Re-excision rate decreased from 36% (23 of 64 patients) during period A to 23% (27 of 119 patients) during period B (p = 0.055). There was no significant difference between the surgical pairs. Conclusion In our study, DCIS was the only risk factor for positive surgical margins. Breast-conserving surgery for non-palpable tumors should be performed by Specialists, however, palpable tumors can be safely operated by Residents under supervision.
breast cancer, breast-conserving surgery, palpable tumor, surgical experience, surgical margins
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