The role of community and population ecology in applying mycorrhizal fungi for improved food security.

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_29A5BB29D08A
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
The role of community and population ecology in applying mycorrhizal fungi for improved food security.
Périodique
ISME Journal
Auteur(s)
Rodriguez A., Sanders I.R.
ISSN
1751-7370 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1751-7362
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Volume
9
Numéro
5
Pages
1053-1061
Langue
anglais
Résumé
The global human population is expected to reach ∼9 billion by 2050. Feeding this many people represents a major challenge requiring global crop yield increases of up to 100%. Microbial symbionts of plants such as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) represent a huge, but unrealized resource for improving yields of globally important crops, especially in the tropics. We argue that the application of AMF in agriculture is too simplistic and ignores basic ecological principals. To achieve this challenge, a community and population ecology approach can contribute greatly. First, ecologists could significantly improve our understanding of the determinants of the survival of introduced AMF, the role of adaptability and intraspecific diversity of AMF and whether inoculation has a direct or indirect effect on plant production. Second, we call for extensive metagenomics as well as population genomics studies that are crucial to assess the environmental impact that introduction of non-local AMF may have on native AMF communities and populations. Finally, we plead for an ecologically sound use of AMF in efforts to increase food security at a global scale in a sustainable manner.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
18/05/2015 8:39
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:09
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