Article: article from journal or magazin.
Invasion and fixation of sex-reversal genes.
Journal of Evolutionary Biology
We simulated a meta-population with random dispersal among demes but local mating within demes to investigate conditions under which a dominant female-determining gene W, with no individual selection advantage, can invade and become fixed in females, changing the population from male to female heterogamety. Starting with one mutant W in a single deme, the interaction of sex ratio selection and random genetic drift causes W to be fixed among females more often than a comparable neutral mutation with no influence on sex determination, even when YY males have slightly reduced viability. Meta-population structure and interdeme selection can also favour the fixation of W. The reverse transition from female to male heterogamety can also occur with higher probability than for a comparable neutral mutation. These results help to explain the involvement of sex-determining genes in the evolution of sex chromosomes and in sexual selection and speciation.
Animals, Evolution, Molecular, Female, Genetic Drift, Genetic Speciation, Genotype, Male, Models, Genetic, Mutation, Population Density, Sex Chromosomes, Sex Determination Processes, Sex Ratio
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