Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Pré-éclampsie et troubles électrolytiques: à propos d'un cas [Electrolyte disorders in preeclampsia. A case report].
Néphrologie and Thérapeutique
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
The occurrence of electrolyte disorders as hypocalcemia and/or hyponatremia is an uncommon event in preeclampsia, which can be the sign of serious situation, with potentially unfavourable consequences for the mother and her foetus. Hyponatremia in the setting of preeclampsia is an indicator of severity, and requires the understanding of the etiologic mechanisms to initiate an appropriate treatment. Indeed the often-considered fluid restriction is rarely a treatment option for pregnant women. Hypocalcemia is a complication that must be monitored when a treatment with high doses of intravenous magnesium sulphate is introduced. In this context, hypocalcemia must be sought, with the exclusion of other etiologies as vitamin D deficiency, hypoparathyroidism or renal and extrarenal loss of calcium. A replacement therapy, intravenous or oral according to circumstances, should be considered in case of severe or symptomatic hypocalcemia.
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