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Prospects for biopolymer production in plants.
Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology
It is likely that during this century polymers based on renewable materials will gradually replace industrial polymers based on petrochemicals. This chapter gives an overview of the current status of research on plant biopolymers that are used as a material in non-food applications. We cover technical and scientific bottlenecks in the production of novel or improved materials, and the potential of using transgenic or alternative crops in overcoming these bottlenecks. Four classes of biopolymers will be discussed: starch, proteins, natural rubber, and poly-beta-hydroxyalkanoates. Renewable polymers produced by chemical polymerization of monomers derived from sugars, vegetable oil, or proteins, are not considered here.
Biopolymers/biosynthesis, Biopolymers/chemistry, Forecasting, Hydroxybutyrates/chemistry, Hydroxybutyrates/metabolism, Plant Proteins/chemistry, Plant Proteins/metabolism, Plants/chemistry, Plants, Genetically Modified, Polymers/chemistry, Polymers/classification, Rubber/chemical synthesis, Rubber/metabolism, Starch/chemistry, Starch/metabolism
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