Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Les collagenes du derme: au-dela de leurs proprietes structurales. [Dermis collagens: beyond their structural properties]
Journal de la Société de Biologie
The extracellular matrix is a complex network composed of macromolecules such as collagens, proteoglycans and elastin that strongly interact with each other and with cells to maintain the structural integrity of many tissues. These interactions also sustain important cell programs such as migration, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The skin, and more specifically the dermis, contains an extreme diversity of macromolecules that reflects the importance of the composition and organization of the matrix components in providing physical properties and function of the tissues. The most abundant matrix components are the collagens that form a super-family of 27 different members which are divided into different subgroups. The fibrillar collagens, types I, III and V, the FACIT collagens, types XII, XIV and XVI, and collagen VI are all expressed in the collagen-rich dermis. Although the structural features of these collagens are now well characterized, their functions remain elusive. Mutations in human collagen genes give rise to numerous connective tissue diseases including dermis disorders. For example, clinical manifestations in the classical Elhers-Danlos syndrome caused by collagen V gene mutations occur predominantly in the dermis. However, the genotype-phenotype relationship is not clearly established as well as the relation between the distribution and the function of the collagens in dermis. There is no doubt that the ongoing and future work using in vivo approaches will provide new cues regarding the function of collagens in dermis.
ADAM Proteins/deficiency/metabolism Animals Collagen/chemistry/classification/*physiology Collagen Diseases/genetics/metabolism/pathology Dermis/*chemistry Disease Models, Animal Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome/metabolism/pathology Extracellular Matrix/chemistry/physiology Genotype Humans Mice Mice, Knockout Osteogenesis Imperfecta/genetics/metabolism Phenotype Phosphopeptides/metabolism Procollagen/metabolism Procollagen N-Endopeptidase/deficiency/metabolism Protein Isoforms/chemistry/physiology Structure-Activity Relationship
Last modification date