Article: article from journal or magazin.
Sex linked altruism: A stepping stone in the evolution of social behaviour?
Journal of Evolutionary Biology
A verbal model is presented for a mechanism that enhances the probability of the evolution of altruism in diploids if the gene for altruism arises on the X chromosome. If the altruism takes place between sibs of the homogametic sex, the condition for spread of a sex-linked gene for altruism is less stringent than for an autosomal gene. Then, with altruistic behavior present, selection for increased efficiency (benefit cost ratio) may raise the efficiency above the autosomal threshold before autosomal modifiers are widespread enough to eliminate the behavior. The results of computer simulations confirms that, if the initial benefit/cost ratio is lower than 2, sex-linkage can make the evolution of altruism more likely.
altruism, kin selection, sex-linkage
Web of science
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