Article: article from journal or magazin.
Personal values and individual quality of life in palliative care patients.
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
To evaluate the relationship between personal values and individual quality of life (iQoL) in palliative care patients, 75 patients with advanced cancer or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) were asked to complete a self-report questionnaire concerning personal values and a semi-structured interview on their iQoL. Sixty-four patients took part in the study (56% cancer, 44% ALS). The most important personal values were benevolence, self-direction, and universalism, whereas power, achievement, and stimulation were the least important. Self-transcendence values were higher than self-enhancement values in all patients. Compared with healthy adults, palliative care patients scored significantly higher in benevolence and lower in self-enhancement values. Conservation values (security, conformity, tradition) were correlated with higher levels of iQoL (P=0.03). There were no significant differences between ALS and cancer patients. These data suggest that conservation values protect the patients' iQoL in the palliative care situation. The observed shift towards self-transcendence values may be related to coping processes of terminally ill patients. The relationship between self-transcendence values and iQoL should be further investigated.
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/psychology, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/therapy, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Neoplasms/psychology, Palliative Care, Quality of Life/psychology, Self Concept, Social Values
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