Article: article from journal or magazin.
Discovery of new intracellular pathogens by amoebal coculture and amoebal enrichment approaches.
Journal of Visualized Experiments : Jove
Publication types: Journal Article ; Video-Audio Media Publication Status: epublish PDF: Video Article
Intracellular pathogens such as legionella, mycobacteria and Chlamydia-like organisms are difficult to isolate because they often grow poorly or not at all on selective media that are usually used to cultivate bacteria. For this reason, many of these pathogens were discovered only recently or following important outbreaks. These pathogens are often associated with amoebae, which serve as host-cell and allow the survival and growth of the bacteria. We intend here to provide a demonstration of two techniques that allow isolation and characterization of intracellular pathogens present in clinical or environmental samples: the amoebal coculture and the amoebal enrichment. Amoebal coculture allows recovery of intracellular bacteria by inoculating the investigated sample onto an amoebal lawn that can be infected and lysed by the intracellular bacteria present in the sample. Amoebal enrichment allows recovery of amoebae present in a clinical or environmental sample. This can lead to discovery of new amoebal species but also of new intracellular bacteria growing specifically in these amoebae. Together, these two techniques help to discover new intracellular bacteria able to grow in amoebae. Because of their ability to infect amoebae and resist phagocytosis, these intracellular bacteria might also escape phagocytosis by macrophages and thus, be pathogenic for higher eukaryotes.
Amoeba/cytology, Amoeba/growth & development, Bacteria/cytology, Bacteria/growth & development, Coculture Techniques/methods, Environmental Microbiology, Escherichia coli/cytology, Escherichia coli/growth & development, Host-Pathogen Interactions
Web of science
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