Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Liver kidney microsomes type 1 antibodies are associated with 80% reduction of the CYP2D6 activity in patients with chronic hepatitis C
Title of the conference
2011 Joint Annual Meeting of the German, Swiss, and Austrian Societies for Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
Zürich, Switzerland, October 20-22, 2011
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Introduction Liver kidney microsomal type 1 (LKM-1) antibodies have been shown to decrease CYP2D6 activity in vitro. We investigated whether LKM-1 antibodies might reduce CYP2D6 activity also in vivo.Materials and Methods All patients with chronic hepatitis C and LKM-1 antibodies enrolled in the Swiss Hepatitis C Cohort Study (SCCS) were assessed: ten were eligible and fi tted to patients without LKM-1 antibodies. Patients were genotyped for CYP2D6 variants to exclude individuals with a poor metabolizer genotype. CYP2D6 activity was measured by a specifi c substrate using the dextromethorphan/dextrorphan (DEM/DOR) metabolic ratio to classify patients into four activity phenotypes (i.e. ultrarapid, extensive, intermediate and poor metabolizers). The concordance between phenotype based on DEM/DOR ratio and phenotype expected from genotype was examined in LKM-1 positive and negative patients. Groups were compared with respect to the DEM/DOR metabolic ratio.Results All patients had a CYP2D6 extensive metabolizer genotype. The observed phenotype was concordant with CYP2D6 genotype in most LKM-negative patients, whereas only three (30%) LKM-1 positive patients had a concordant phenotype (six presented an intermediate and one a poor metabolizer phenotype). The median DEM/DOR ratio was six-fold higher in LKM-1 positive than in LKM-1 negative patients (0.096 vs. 0.016, p = 0.004), indicating that CYP2D6 metabolic function was significantly reduced in the presence of LKM-1 antibodies.Conclusion In chronic hepatitis C patients with LKM-1 antibodies, the CYP2D6 metabolic activity was on average reduced by 80%. The impact of LKM-1 antibodies on CYP2D6-mediated drug metabolism pathways warrants further translational studies in the setting of new protease inhibitor therapies
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