Article: article from journal or magazin.
Stroke with internal carotid artery stenosis.
Archives of Neurology
Publication types: Journal Article ; Meta-Analysis ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't -
BACKGROUND: Stroke patterns in patients with different degrees of carotid stenosis have not been systematically studied. OBJECTIVE: To determine first-ever stroke subtypes in nonselected patients with extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis, based on a primary care hospital stroke registry. METHODS: One hundred seventy-three patients who experienced their first-ever stroke and who had 50% or greater (North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial method) ipsilateral extracranial ICA stenosis, corresponding to 6.5% of 2649 patients with anterior circulation stroke included in the Lausanne Stroke Registry, were studied. All these patients underwent Doppler ultrasonography, carotid angiography (conventional or magnetic resonance angiography), neuroimaging (computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging), and other investigations from the standard protocol of the Lausanne Stroke Registry. RESULTS: We found the following types of infarct in the middle cerebral artery territory: anterior pial in 54 (31%) of the patients; subcortical, 34 (20%); posterior pial, 32 (19%); large hemispheral, 20 (12%); and border zone, 17 (10%). There were multiple pial in 14 (8%) and multiple deep infarcts in 2 (1%) of the patients. Moderate (50%-69%) ICA stenosis was significantly associated with large hemispheral infarcts and a normal contralateral ICA (P =.04 and P =.02, respectively). Seventy percent to 89% of ICA stenosis was associated with prior transient ischemic attacks (P =.02). After adjusting for cardioembolism, border zone infarcts showed a strong trend to appear mostly in patients with 90% to 99% ICA stenosis (P =.06). CONCLUSIONS: The association of a large hemispheral infarct with moderate ICA stenosis suggests a large embolism and/or an inadequate collateral supply. While an embolism may also contribute, the association of border zone infarcts with 90% to 99% ICA stenosis emphasizes the significance of hemodynamic disturbance in the pathogenesis of these types of infarct.
Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Carotid Artery, Internal, Carotid Stenosis/complications, Cerebral Angiography, Coronary Vessels, Embolism/complications, Female, Humans, Hypertension/complications, Male, Middle Aged, Stroke/etiology, Stroke/radiography
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