Article: article from journal or magazin.
Comparison of the efficacy and longevity of nonpenetrating glaucoma surgery with and without a new, nonabsorbable hydrophilic implant.
Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and longevity of nonpenetrating glaucoma surgery with and without the use of a nonabsorbable hydrophilic implant at the Oxford Eye Centre, Johannesburg, South Africa, and the Glaucoma Unit, Jules Gonin Ophthalmic Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a nonrandomized, prospective study between March 1997 and December 2001, 48 eyes of 32 patients aged 18 to 86 years with primary open-angle glaucoma underwent nonpenetrating glaucoma surgery; 25 eyes with the implant and 23 eyes without it. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was recorded preoperatively and postoperatively at 1, 7, and 14 days, at 1, 3, and 6 months, and thereafter every 6 months. RESULTS: The mean preoperative IOP was 27.5 +/- 11.8 mm Hg (range, 20 to 64 mm Hg) in the implant group and 24.8 +/- 7.1 mm Hg (range, 16 to 38 mm Hg) in the control group. During the first 18 months of follow-up, both groups showed identical IOP progression and the mean IOP remained less than 14 mm Hg. After 2 years of follow-up, the IOP started to rise in the control group but remained stable in the implant group. After 30 months, the mean IOP was 12.4 +/- 2 mm Hg and the IOP decrease in percentage was 62% +/- 6% in the implant group (n = 13) versus 16.1 +/- 3 mm Hg and 34% +/- 13% in the control group (n = 15) (mean IOP, P = .0022; mean IOP decrease in percentage, P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: During the first 18 months, there was no difference in the outcomes between the two groups. After 2 years of follow-up, the mean IOP was lower and the IOP decrease in percentage was greater in the implant group compared with the control group.
Absorbable Implants, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Anterior Eye Segment, Biocompatible Materials, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Glaucoma, Open-Angle, Humans, Intraocular Pressure, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Prostheses and Implants, Prosthesis Implantation, Sclerostomy
Web of science
Last modification date