Experimental evidence that sperm maturation drives protandry in an ectotherm.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_20FBA0AD4A04
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Experimental evidence that sperm maturation drives protandry in an ectotherm.
Périodique
Oecologia
Auteur(s)
Breedveld M.C., Fitze P.S.
ISSN
1432-1939 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0029-8549
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
09/2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
182
Numéro
1
Pages
129-137
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Protandry, i.e., the earlier arrival to breeding areas of males than females, has attracted a lot of scientific attention. However, evidence for the evolutionary hypotheses of protandry is surprisingly scarce. Here, we experimentally manipulate the time of emergence from hibernation of males, relative to females, in the common lizard, Zootoca vivipara. We test whether the timing of emergence affects sperm maturation and mating success, to disentangle among proposed selective advantages of protandry. Our results experimentally demonstrate that the timing of emergence affects the date of sperm presence. Moreover, the degree of protandry affected whether males had sperm upon their first encounter with females, but it did not affect the probability of copulating. Mating occurred independent of male fertility and mating during infertility was least common in early emerging males. Early emergence from hibernation by males, relative to females, thus increases the male's chance of fertilising eggs and later emergence from hibernation by females reduces the female's probability of mating with infertile males. These results point to direct reproductive benefits of protandry in males and females, where earlier emergence is predicted to increase the male's opportunities to inseminate mates, and later emergence reduces the female's probability of copulating with infertile males. This suggests that protandry evolved due to the time required for sperm maturation after emergence from hibernation.

Mots-clé
Animals, Biological Evolution, Male, Reproduction, Sex Determination Processes, Sperm Maturation, Spermatozoa
Pubmed
Création de la notice
13/10/2016 13:46
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:57
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