Article: article from journal or magazin.
Synthetic Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite peptides elicit heterogenous L3T4+ T cell proliferative responses in H-2b mice.
Journal of Immunology
The ability of synthetic P. falciparum (NANP)n circumsporozoite peptides to elicit murine T cell proliferative responses was studied. When C57BL/6, C3H, and DBA/2 mice were injected with (NANP)40, only C57BL/6 (H-2b)-immune lymph node cells proliferated on restimulation in vitro with the same peptide. By using anti-I-A monoclonal antibodies or spleen cells from congenic H-2b mice as a source of antigen-presenting cells, the T cell proliferative response was shown to be restricted to the I-Ab region of the C57BL/6 haplotype. These results are in agreement with previous experiments which demonstrated that the anti-(NANP)40 antibody response was uniquely restricted to C57BL/6 (H-2b) mice. Several C57BL/6 long-term (NANP)n-specific T cell lines and clones were derived. All of the clones exhibited the L3T4 helper T cell phenotype. A considerable heterogeneity of T cell responses was observed when the lines and clones were stimulated with different concentrations of the various peptides studied. The results, together with the observed genetic restriction for both antibody and T cell responses, suggest that perhaps not all individuals who receive a similar repetitive tetrapeptide sporozoite malaria vaccine will develop T cell and or antibody responses.
Animals, Antibody Formation, Antigens/immunology, Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte, Antigens, Protozoan/immunology, Antigens, Surface/analysis, Epitopes, H-2 Antigens/analysis, Lymph Nodes/cytology, Lymphocyte Activation, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL/immunology, Molecular Weight, Peptides/chemical synthesis, Peptides/immunology, Plasmodium falciparum/immunology, Structure-Activity Relationship, T-Lymphocytes/immunology, T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/immunology, Vaccines, Synthetic/immunology
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