Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Combined aortic and mitral stenosis in mucopolysaccharidosis type I-S (Ullrich-Scheie syndrome).
Heart (british Cardiac Society)
Publication types: Case Reports ; Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
The genetic mucopolysaccharidosis syndromes (MPS) are autosomal recessive inborn errors of metabolism. Heart valve involvement in MPS is not uncommon but only a few case reports of successful cardiac surgery are available. In particular, reports of combined aortic and mitral stenosis associated with MPS type I-S are very rare. Both type I and type VI MPS are associated with significant left sided valvar heart disease that requires surgical valve replacement because of irregular valve thickening, fibrosis, and calcification. A 35 year old man had severe mitral valve stenosis after successful surgical replacement of a stenotic aortic valve. Valvar heart disease was investigated by cardiac ultrasound and left heart catheterisation. Histomorphological characterisation of the affected mitral valve was performed. The case illustrates typically associated clinical features of cardiac and extracardiac abnormalities found in MPS type I-S.
Adult, Aortic Valve Stenosis/complications, Aortic Valve Stenosis/pathology, Echocardiography, Echocardiography, Doppler, Color, Humans, Male, Mitral Valve, Mitral Valve Stenosis/complications, Mitral Valve Stenosis/pathology, Mucopolysaccharidosis I/complications, Mucopolysaccharidosis I/pathology
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