Article: article from journal or magazin.
(E)-2'-deoxy-2'-(fluoromethylene) cytidine potentiates radioresponse of two human solid tumor xenografts
PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Antitumor and radiosensitizing effects of (E)-2'-deoxy-2'-(fluoromethylene) cytidine (FMdC), a novel inhibitor of ribonucleotide reductase, were evaluated on nude mice bearing s.c. human C33-A cervix cancer and U-87 MG glioblastoma xenografts. FMdC given once daily has a dose-dependent antitumor effect. The maximum tolerated dose in the mice was reached with 10 daily i.p. administrations of 10 mg/kg over 12 days. In the case of radiotherapy (RT) alone (10 fractions over 12 days), the radiation dose required to produce local tumor control in 50% of the treated C33-A xenografts was 51.0 Gy. When combined with FMdC, the radiation dose required to produce local tumor control was reduced to 41.4 and 38.2 Gy, at respective doses of 5 and 10 mg/kg given i.p. 1 h before each irradiation. The corresponding enhancement ratios (ERs) were 1.2 and 1.3, respectively. In U-87 MG xenografts, when 5-20 mg/kg FMdC combined with 30 or 40 Gy of RT, the combination treatment produced a significantly increased growth delay as compared with RT alone (P < or =0.002). The ERs of 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg FMdC at a dose of 30 Gy were 2.0, 1.4, and 1.8, respectively. At the 40-Gy level, ERs of 10 and 20 mg/kg FMdC were 1.4 and 1.7. When FMdC was combined with 50 Gy of RT, an increased long-term remission rate of 80-88.9% was observed, as compared with 25% for RT alone (P <0.05). FMdC produced moderate myelosuppression in the mice bearing cervix cancer, whereas leukocytosis occurred in the mice bearing glioblastoma at a low dose. Slightly increased skin toxicity (only with U-87 MG tumor) was observed, as compared with RT alone. In conclusion, FMdC is a potent cytotoxic agent and able to modify the radiation response of C33-A and U-87 MG xenografts
Animals/Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology/Cell Cycle/drug effects/radiation effects/Combined Modality Therapy/Deoxycytidine/analogs & derivatives/Female/Glioblastoma/drug therapy/Pathology/radiotherapy/Humans/Mice/Mice,Nude/Mutation/Neoplasm Transplantation/Radiation-Sensitizing Agents/Transplantation,Heterologous/Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics/Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
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