Article: article from journal or magazin.
Transport and expression in human melanomas of a transferrin-like glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Melanotransferrin, also called p97, is a cell surface glycoprotein which was first described as a marker antigen for human melanoma cells. Although p97 has a striking structural similarity to human serum transferrin and lactoferrin, its function has not yet been determined. One feature that distinguishes p97 from the other members of the transferrin family is the presence of a stretch of 24 hydrophobic amino acids at the C terminus, previously assumed to form a proteinacious transmembrane domain. In this study, sensitivity to bacterial phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C, biosynthetic labeling with [3H]ethanolamine, and partitioning in Triton X-114 are used to establish that p97 is expressed at the cell surface as a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein. In addition, to gain insight into the intracellular transport of p97, biosynthetic transport studies were performed on a melanoma cell line. These studies resulted in the identification of an additional form of p97 which is found in the medium and which likely does not originate from an alternatively spliced form of the p97 mRNA. These findings, together with our recent observation of the co-localization of p97 and the transferrin receptor in brain capillary endothelium (W. A. Jefferies, M. R. Food, R. Gabathuler, S. Rothenberger, T. Yamada, and P. L. McGeer, manuscript submitted) raise important questions about the function of the two forms of p97 detected and the possible involvement of this protein in a cellular iron uptake mechanism that is independent from the transferrin/transferrin receptor system.
Alternative Splicing, Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antigens, Neoplasm, Antigens, Surface/biosynthesis, Antigens, Surface/metabolism, Autoradiography, Cell Line, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Ethanolamine, Ethanolamines/metabolism, Flow Cytometry, Glycosylphosphatidylinositols/metabolism, Humans, Lymphoma, Melanoma/immunology, Melanoma/metabolism, Methionine/metabolism, Mice, Neoplasm Proteins/biosynthesis, Neoplasm Proteins/isolation & purification, Phosphatidylinositol Diacylglycerol-Lyase, Phosphoinositide Phospholipase C, Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases/metabolism, Protein Processing, Post-Translational, RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis, RNA, Messenger/metabolism, Sulfur Radioisotopes, Transferrin/biosynthesis, Transferrin/metabolism, Tritium, Tumor Cells, Cultured
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