Article: article from journal or magazin.
Diagnostic value of lipopolysaccharide-binding protein and procalcitonin for sepsis diagnosis in forensic pathology.
International Journal of Legal Medicine
Publication types: Journal Article
The aims of this study were twofold. The first was to investigate the diagnostic performance of two biochemical markers, procalcitonin (PCT) and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), considering each individually and then combined, for the postmortem diagnosis of sepsis. We also tested the usefulness of pericardial fluid for postmortem LBP determination. Two study groups were formed, a sepsis-related fatalities group of 12 cases and a control group of 30 cases. Postmortem native CT scans, autopsy, histology, neuropathology, and toxicology as well as other postmortem biochemical investigations were performed in all cases. Microbiological investigations were also carried out in the septic group. Postmortem serum PCT and LBP levels differed between the two groups. Both biomarkers, individually considered, allowed septic states to be diagnosed, whereas increases in both postmortem serum PCT and LBP levels were only observed in cases of sepsis. Similarly, normal PCT and LBP values in postmortem serum were identified only in non-septic cases. Pericardial fluid LBP levels do not correlate with the presence of underlying septic states. No relationship was observed between postmortem serum and pericardial fluid LBP levels in either septic or non-septic groups, or between pericardial fluid PCT and LBP levels.
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