Article: article from journal or magazin.
Time and temperature dependant changes in red blood cell analytes used for testing recombinant erythropoietin abuse in sports.
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Evaluation Studies ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
There has been a long debate since the introduction of blood analysis prior to major sports events, to find out whether blood samples should be analysed right away on the site of competition or whether they should be transported and analysed in an anti-doping laboratory. Therefore, it was necessary to measure blood samples and compare the results obtained right after the blood withdrawal with those obtained after a few hours delay. Furthermore, it was interesting to determine the effect of temperature on the possible deterioration of red blood cell analytes used for testing recombinant erythropoietin abuse. Healthy volunteers were asked to give two blood samples and one of these was kept at room temperature whereas the second one was put into a refrigerator. On a regular basis, the samples were rolled for homogenisation and temperature stabilisation and were analysed with the same haematological apparatus. The results confirmed that blood controls prior to competition should be performed as soon as possible with standardised pre-analytical conditions to avoid too many variations notably on the haematocrit and the reticulocyte count. These recommendations should ideally also be applied to the all the blood controls compulsory for the medical follow up, otherwise unexplainable values could be misinterpreted and could for instance lead to a period of incapacity.
Blood Preservation, Doping in Sports/methods, Erythrocyte Count, Erythrocyte Indices, Erythropoietin, Recombinant/pharmacology, Female, Hematocrit, Hemoglobins/analysis, Humans, Male, Refrigeration/instrumentation, Reticulocytes/physiology, Temperature, Time Factors
Last modification date