Article: article from journal or magazin.
Biocompatibility of an x-shaped zirconium implant in deep sclerectomy in rabbits.
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv für klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the mid-term biocompatibility of a new x-shaped implant made of zirconium in an animal model of glaucoma surgery. METHODS: Preoperatively, ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM), intraocular pressure (IOP) and outflow facility (OF) data were acquired. Upon surgery, one eye was chosen randomly to receive an implant, while the other received none. Ten rabbits went through a 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- and 6-month follow-up. IOP was measured regularly, UBM performed at 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery. At the end of the follow-up, OF was again measured. Histology sections were analyzed. RESULTS: For both groups IOP control was satisfactory, while OF initially increased at month 1 to resume preoperative values thereafter. Eyes with implants had larger filtration blebs which decreased faster than in eyes without the implant. Drainage vessel density, inflammatory cell number and fibrosis were higher in tissues near the implant. CONCLUSIONS: The zirconium implant initially promoted the positive effects of the surgery (IOP control, OF increase). Nevertheless, after several months, foreign body reactions and fibrosis had occurred on some implants that restrained the early benefit of such a procedure. Modifications of the zirconium implant geometry could enhance the overall success rate.
Animals, Aqueous Humor, Biocompatible Materials, Glaucoma Drainage Implants, Glaucoma, Open-Angle, Intraocular Pressure, Materials Testing, Microscopy, Acoustic, Models, Animal, Rabbits, Sclera, Sclerostomy, Tonometry, Ocular, Zirconium
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