Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Trisomy 8 detection in granulomonocytic, erythrocytic and megakaryocytic lineages by chromosomal in situ suppression hybridization in a case of refractory anaemia with ringed sideroblasts complicating the course of paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria.
British journal of haematology
Publication types: Case Reports ; Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH) was diagnosed in a 20-year-old male patient who suffered from anaemia since the age of 11. Eighteen years after diagnosis, PNH transformed into refractory anaemia with ringed sideroblasts (RARS). Trisomy 8 was observed in 27%, 45% and 53% of the bone marrow metaphase cells analysed in 1987, 1988 and 1990 respectively. In order to determine which bone marrow cell lineages were affected by trisomy 8 and at which stage of stem cell differentiation, MAC (Morphology, Antibody, Chromosomes) and CISS (Chromosomal In Situ Suppression) hybridization techniques were combined. The MAC technique enables karyotypic analysis of morphologically and immunologically classified mitotic cells. CISS hybridization makes it possible to detect individual chromosomes and chromosome aberrations using recombinant DNA libraries from sorted human chromosomes. Trisomy 8 was detected in granulomonocytic (50.6%), erythrocytic (67.2%) and megakaryocytic (one megakaryocyte with trisomy 8, one normal) lineages, providing evidence for the occurrence of trisomy 8 in early haematopoietic cell precursors, at the GEMM or pluripotent level. Cytogenetic and clinical data suggest that the sideroblastic clone originated from a mutation affecting a cell of the PNH clone, progressively replaced by the PNH/RARS clone, due to proliferative advantage.
Adult, Anemia, Sideroblastic, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8, DNA, Erythrocytes, Granulocytes, Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal, Histocytological Preparation Techniques, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Karyotyping, Male, Megakaryocytes, Monocytes, Nucleic Acid Hybridization, Trisomy
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