Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
The Phantom Urine: An Unexpected Finding during a Routine Cesarean Section.
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
We present here an atypical finding during an elective repeat cesarean section. Despite urine flow through an indwelling bladder catheter, bladder remains distended during the whole procedure. Unexpected anatomical variations and malformations can make routine surgery challenging. Urinary tract anomalies should be suspected in cases of unexpected difficult bladder catheterization.
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