Article: article from journal or magazin.
High-resolution histocompatibility testing of a group of sixteen B44-positive, ABDR serologically matched unrelated donor-recipient pairs. Analysis of serologically undisclosed incompatibilities by cellular techniques, isoelectrofocusing, and HLA oligotyping
Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Nov
We have characterized HLA incompatibilities in a group of 16 B44-positive patients who were serologically ABDR matched with their 23 (unrelated) potential bone marrow donors. After analysis with a combination of cellular techniques, IEF for HLA-A/B and oligotyping for class II and HLA-B44, 44% of the patients revealed one or more HLA incompatibility with at least one of their potential donors. CTL activity was detected in 12 of the 22 combinations tested. CTL incompatibility occurred more frequently in DR subtype-mismatched combinations, but CTL reactivity was always directed against class I. To characterize these incompatibilities between matched unrelated individuals, we analyzed the specificity of T-cell clones from seven primary CTL cultures. In three combinations, CTL reactivity was directed against a subtype of B44. In two combinations, the CTL reactivity was directed against a non-B44 class I subtype. In two of seven combinations, the CTLs recognized an antigen that, though unconditionally associated with B4403, was expressed by 60% of the B4403+ cells only. Because all 12 of these B4403+ targets recognized could be typed for one HLA-C allele only (Cwl-Cw8), we believe that this alloreactivity might be directed against a serologically undefined Cw antigen.
Base Sequence Bone Marrow Transplantation/immunology Cells, Cultured Cytotoxicity Tests, Immunologic HLA Antigens/*genetics/*immunology HLA-B Antigens/immunology Histocompatibility Testing/*methods Humans Isoelectric Focusing Molecular Sequence Data Polymerase Chain Reaction T-Lymphocytes
Web of science
Last modification date