Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Clinical and genetic findings in a large cohort of patients with congenital myopathies due to mutations in the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RYR1) gene
Title of the conference
16th International Congress of the World Muscle Society
Algarve, Portugal, October 18-22, 2011
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
RYR1 mutations are the most common cause of structural congenital myopathies and may exhibit both dominant and recessive inheritance. Histopathological findings are variable and include central cores, multi-minicores, type 1 predominance/ uniformity, fibre type disproportion, increased internal nucleation and fatty and connective tissue. Until recently, diagnostic RYR1 sequencing was limited to mutational hotspots due to the large size of the gene. Since the introduction of full RYR1 sequencing in 2007 we have detected pathogenic mutations in 77 families: 39 had dominant inheritance and 38 recessive inheritance. In some cases with presumably recessive inheritance, only one heterozygous mutation inherited from an asymptomatic parent was identified. Of 28 dominant mutations, 6 were novel; 37 of the 59 recessive mutations were also novel. Dominant mutations were more frequently in recognized hotspot regions, while recessive mutations were distributed throughout the coding sequence. Dominant mutations were predominantly missense, whereas recessive mutations included many nonsense and splice mutations expected to result in reduced RyR1 protein. There was wide clinical variability in patients with both dominant and recessive inheritance. As a group, those with dominant mutations were generally more mildly affected than those with recessive inheritance, who had earlier onset and were weaker with more functional limitations. Extraocular muscle involvement was almost exclusively observed in the recessive group. Bulbar involvement was also more prominent in this group, resulting in a larger number requiring gastrostomy insertion. In conclusion, genomic sequencing of the entire RYR1 leads to the detection of many novel mutations, but may miss large genetic rearrangements in some cases. Assigning pathogenicity to novel mutations is often difficult and interpretation of genetic results in the context of clinical, histological and, increasingly, muscle MRI findings is essential.
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