Article: article from journal or magazin.
Néphrectomie par laparoscopie chez le donneur vivant: introduction de la méthode et résultats préliminaires [Laparoscopic nephrectomy in the liver donor: introduction of the method and preliminary results]
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article
INTRODUCTION: The shortage of organs available for renal transplantation has focussed attention on the use of live donors. Techniques for laparoscopic nephrectomy have recently been described, which have limited morbidity, duration of hospitalization and the period off work. However, these surgical procedures are difficult, and may be risky for the organ to be transplanted. METHOD: The laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy was introduced in stages, including the use of a videoconference from a reference center. In this article, the prospective analysis of the present authors' preliminary results has been presented. RESULTS: Ten kidneys were removed by laparoscopy, i.e., three from the left and seven from the right side. No conversion of this technique to laparotomy was necessary. The mean warm ischemic time was five minutes, and in the last six operations it did not exceed three minutes. The patients were able to leave hospital between four and eight days following surgery. After a mean follow-up of 10.5 months, organ survival was 100%, and in all grafts excellent function was observed. CONCLUSION: The quality of these preliminary results which may act as a reference and the careful introduction of a live donor laparoscopic program could provide an incentive to potential donors, and thereby increase the pool of organs available for transplantation.
Adult, Aged, Female, Graft Survival, Humans, Ischemia, Kidney Transplantation, Laparoscopy/methods, Length of Stay, Living Donors, Male, Middle Aged, Nephrectomy/methods, Postoperative Complications, Prospective Studies
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