Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Interim analysis of the Reitan Catheter Pump (RCP) heart failure efficacy study: RCP improves cardiovascular and renal function in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF)
Title of the conference
23rd Annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) Symposium
San Francisco, California, November 7-11, 2011
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Background: The RCP is a 14 French collapsable percutaneous cardiovascular support device positioned in the descending part of the thoracic aorta via the femoral artery. A 10 patient first in man study demonstrated device safety and significant improvement in renal function among high risk PCI patients. We now report haemodynamic and renal efficacy in patients with ADHF.Methods: Prospective non randomised study seeking to recruit 20 patients with ADHF with a need for inotropic or mechanical circulatory support with: i) EF < 30% ii)Cardiac index(CI) < 2.2 L / min / m2 Outcome measures included: 1) Cardiac index (CI) 2) Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure (PCWP) 3) Urine output / serum creatinine 4) Vascular / device complications 5) 30 day mortalityResults: INTERIM ANALYSIS (n=12) The mean age of the study group was 64 years, with a mean baseline creatinine of 193 umol/L, eGFR 38 ml/min. The intended RCP treatment period was 24 hours. During RCP treatment there was a significant mean reduction of PCWP at 4 hours of 17% (25 to 21 mmHg p=0.04). Mean CI increased at 12 hours by 11%, though not reaching significance (1.78 to 1.96 L/min/m2 p=0.08). RCP insertion prompted substantial diuresis. Urine output tripled over the first 12 hours compared to baseline (55 ml/hr vs 213 ml/hr p=0.03). This was associated with significantly improved renal function, a 28% reduction in serum creatinine at 12 hours (193 to 151 umol/L p=0.003), and a increase in eGFR from 38 ml/min to 50 ml/min (p=0.0007). 2 patients previously refused cardiac transplantation were reassessed and successfully transplanted within 9 months of RCP treatment on the basis of demonstrable renal reversibility. There were no vascular or device complications. There were 2 deaths at 30 days, one from multi-organ failure and sepsis, and one from intractable heart failure - neither were device related.Conclusion: RCP support in ADHF patients was associated with improved haemodynamics, and an improvement in renal function. The Reitan Catheter Pump may have a role in providing percutaneous cardiovascular and renal support in the acutely decompensated cardiac patient, and may have a role in suggesting renal reversibility in potential cardiac transplant patients. Further data will be reported at recruitment completion.
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